Forest Reserve

Forest Reserve


Until the 60s of the twentieth century, the exploitation of the Maia Forest was intense, the anthropic pressure was important and consequently the forests were generally young and with a limited woodiness rate. Later on, the abandonment of the agricultural activity after the 60s and the ending of the forest exploitation after the creation of the Maia Forest Park in the 90s, allowed the arboreal vegetation to regain a good part of the territory and to evolve in a natural way, partly approaching the structural characteristics and composition of the forest at the last stage of its natural succession (climax forest).

Nowadays, forests are generally characterized by hillside forests which are mostly natural and of great landscape value. The heterogeneous morphology of the territory has favored the formation of a very diversified forest complex at the level of vertical and horizontal structure, distribution of age classes, composition, mixture and presence of elements of great landscape and naturalistic value such as stone blocks, swamps, glades, dead wood, gorges and water courses. The Maia Forest is located in the stationary region defined as “southern boundary alps with sporadic spruce”, it is situated in the hilly altitudinal zonation, and it is characterized by the following main forest formations: oaks forests, mixed deciduous forests, chestnut coppices, alders forests, pioneer forests and plantations.














The Municipality of Losone is characterized by a hilly territory situated close to the alluvial plains of the Melezza and Maggia rivers. The landscape, visibly modelled by glaciers, offers an exceptional richness of forms, from the smooth rocky bumps to the stony grounds, from the waterlogged hollows to the slopes with the most varied conformations, interspersed by the Brima, Ortighee and Segna watercourses.

The geology is complex, reflecting a very articulated tectonic situation; the territory of Losone is crossed by the Periadriatic Seam. Most of the area is characterized by several gneisses as well as, in lesser proportion, by morainic coat. The soils reflect the very heterogeneous morphology and are therefore diversified; one can find shallow and not very productive soils as well as deep and productive ones.


Losone (238 m a.s.l.) enjoys a typical Insubric climate. The main meteorological influences come from the south, which is reflected above all in the precipitation and temperature regime. The vegetative period lasts 7 to 8 months (end of March to mid-November). The precipitations are abundant and particularly intense during the vegetative period, while winters tend to be rather dry and therefore favourable to the development of fires.


Yearly average in Losone: 12 – 13 °C (temperatures should be corrected by 0,6 °C every 100 m of altitude difference)


Average annual rainfall: 2000 – 2200 mm